A new reports shows that black women living in poor neighborhoods are less likely to get pap smears than women in more affluent neighborhoods.
“Even among women who were professionals or who were educated, they, too, had decreased screening if they lived in neighborhoods with high poverty,” said study author Geetanjali Dabral Datta, a postgraduate fellow at the Harvard School of Public Health.
The report appears in the Feb. 1 issue of Cancer.
In their study, Datta and her colleagues focused on the connection between socioeconomic factors and how they affected cervical cancer screening, most notably the Pap smear. They collected data on more than 40,000 black women from across the United States. These women all participated in the Black Women’s Health Study of Boston University and Howard University.
What makes this report even more troubling is that black women have twice the mortality rate from cervical cancer as white women. This gap in cancer screening rates could be a contributing factor to this.
The reasons why certain women aren’t getting screened for cervical cancer remains unclear, Datta says. She speculates that it could be lack of access to transportation or child care. Datta also believes that the same trend might be seen in other kinds of preventative health measures like mammography and cardiovascular testing.
“There needs to be a focus on high poverty neighborhoods,” she says. “We need to think of people’s socioeconomic context when it comes to health behaviors.”