For France, Banning The Burqa Is Not The Answer

The issue of banning the burqa in France has generated so much heat over the past few months that one would assume the ban had already come into effect. Not so. Since French President Nicolas Sarkozy famously stated that, “the burqa is not a religious sign, it is a sign of the subjugation, of the submission of women…it will not be welcome on our territory,” a parliamentary panel has spent the past six months looking into why Muslim women wear the burqa, and what it means for France. The 170 page report released today recommends the burqa be banned in all public spaces such as schools and hospitals, but does not make it illegal to wear on the streets or in “private buildings.” The panel had to be very careful with their stipulations because a full ban would have been unconstitutional.

Of course all this fuss over what a small minority of Muslim women in France are forced, or in some cases choose to wear is just a fraction of the much larger issue of Muslim integration in Europe. France has ample reason to be worried. The country has the largest Muslim population in Europe and Islam is the second largest religion in France. The French are known for taking pride in their secular culture.

The burqa is a garment which has become synonymous with women’s oppression in Islam, but we have got to be kidding ourselves if we think banning it has anything to do with the liberation of Muslim women. Sarkozy can talk as much as he wants about how much the burqa subjugates women, but his policies are not going to bring them emancipation.

I think Sarkozy’s real motives are to protect and preserve secular
French culture. He wants to stop French identity from being
Islamicized. In the process, Sarkozy is sending a very clear message to
future Muslim immigrants: You want to move to France? Then be ready to
let go of your ways, and take on ours. The burqa is a very visual and tangible symbol, easy to target.

Ironically, Islamic extremists also use the burqa
as a tool to express their power, and make their presence felt. I am
from Bangladesh, one of the world’s most populated Muslim countries,
where radical Islam has slowly but surely been rising over the years.
Growing up, you could count on your hands the number of women you saw
veiled let alone burqa-clad. Nowadays, the numbers are astounding.
Billboards that use to advertise colorful saris show women covered in
black, with only the sliver of their eyes exposed. When the extremists
want to let you know they are in town, there is no better way than
covering up and restricting the visibility of women.

Sarkozy is doing something very similar, but in the opposite way by telling women they cannot wear the burqa
. He can use the whole “it is a subjugation of women” language as much
as he wants, but do we really think that Sarkozy is formulating policy
to fight for the rights of Muslim women? If he was, he would factor in
the issue of how many French Muslim women may not be allowed to go to
schools, may be denied medical care, and have their mobility curbed in
general because their (sexist) male guardians may not allow them out of
the house without the burqa. We are seeing women’s bodies being exploited for political purposes.

The truth of the matter is France has to address its larger issue of
Muslim integration instead of making a false case about Muslim women’s
rights. Banning the burqa is not going to force Muslim women to wear tank tops and voila
! suddenly become more French. In reality, it could have quite the
opposite effect, marginalizing Muslim minorities and forcing them to
become more extreme in their beliefs as they see them come under attack.

Cross-poasted from “Anushay’s Point.”

Disclaimer: This post was written by a Feministing Community user and does not necessarily reflect the views of any Feministing columnist, editor, or executive director.

Anushay Hossain began her feminist career as an intern at the Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee (BRAC) where she worked on microfinance and primary education programs for women and girls in her native country, Bangladesh. After graduating from the University of Virginia, Anushay joined the Feminist Majority Foundation's Nobel Peace Prize nominated Campaign For Afghan Women. Anushay moved to the United Kingdom to complete her Master's in Gender and Development, and spent a year working at UNIFEM UK (United Nations Development Fund for Women) before returning to Washington, DC where she invests the majority of her work analyzing the impact of US foreign policy on the health and rights of women and girls around the world. In 2009, Anushay founded her blog Anushay’s Point, and became a blogger for The Huffington Post. She also regularly writes for Feministing, Ms. Magazine Blog, and NPR (National Public Radio).

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