Not Oprah’s Book Club: Farm City


I’m still on my food politics book kick, this time thanks to Heather and her holiday gift. Thanks Heather!
Novella Carpenter’s book, Farm City: The Education of an Urban Farmer, is a definite departure from the more political books about food. Rather than focus on the broken system of industrial agriculture, she focuses on her own strange attempts at doing things differently–from keeping bees in her urban backyard, to creating a full-on farm on a plot of abandoned land (replete with old concrete and urban trash) in a neighborhood in West Oakland that she refers to as the “ghetto.”
She goes as far as to raise two pigs in this backyard turned farm plot, feeding them from the dumpsters of Berkeley’s fancy restaurants and eventually turning their meat into fancy prosciutto and other Italian pork delicacies.
Her story is by no means predictable. With every turn and progression in her urban farming adventure, you’re left wondering what in the world she is thinking. Two pigs that will grow to 500 lbs? A turkey that flies around the neighborhood? Slaughtering poultry in her backyard?
Maybe it’s the absurd twists and turns that make Novella’s book interesting–you’re never sure what she’ll try next.


While Novella’s book didn’t make me want to go out and start raising animals in my urban backyard, I found her style and journey enjoyable–from a safe distance.
It was hard to ignore the issues of privilege in the story. Novella is in many ways a hippy white gentrifier in her West Oakland neighborhood–she just brings much more to the community than just rising real estate prices, namely a flock of chickens and ducks. She’s not blind to these differences, and talks frankly about her interaction with the mostly African-American low-income community. She gladly shares her garden produce with the neighbors and even donates veggies to the local Black Panther chapter.
But these acts of kindness, or awareness about her relationship to the community around her don’t absolve the differences.
She ends the book with an impromptu apprenticeship with a top Berkeley chef–one who takes a liking to her after she is caught dumpster diving behind his restaurant to feed her pigs. An act that others (perhaps her West Oakland neighbors?) might get arrested for, and she ends up in his kitchen, learning his secret prosciutto and salami recipes.
At least Novella directly addresses issues of race, class and privilege. It’s hard to ignore that almost all of these food politics authors (and all of the one’s whose books I’ve written about) are white, well-educated and mostly upper middle class.
You can purchase Novella’s book here, or read her blog about her farm here.

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6 Comments

  1. s mandisa
    Posted January 25, 2010 at 11:38 am | Permalink

    Miriam: as always, I am very grateful for your writing. Disclosure: have only read excerpts, not whole book, so wanna own that. Here’s some more example of Carpenter’s privilege: she feels entitled to write a damn book about things that low-income folks of color have been doing for DECADES all over urban America. Maybe it didn’t look as visible as chickens and pigs in our small backyards (assuming we had yards), because again we run a greater risk than Carpenter of being arrested for just trying to survive, but there are so many examples of gardening and redistribution in urban areas: growing spices and herbs in windowsill pots, potlucks, in new orleans, we often ate the fruit of a tree called “misbelieves” or japanese plums, etc.
    Nonetheless, although Im sure Carpenter doesn’t intend this with her writing, her book reads as another example of gentrification: its not just white, apolitical hipsters who only care about wine lofts, etc…but white progressive activists who “get it” who can have similar affects in our communities.

  2. Miriam
    Posted January 25, 2010 at 12:07 pm | Permalink

    I hear you Mandisa, and I think you’re right on many fronts. Urban farming/gardening is not new, even in the “ghetto” she talks about.
    I’d love to read about the revival of urban farming/gardening that is being pushed by folks from within these communities. I’ve seen a few magazine articles (not written by community members themselves) but of course, who has time/energy to write books is a huge part of this as well.

  3. Anna
    Posted January 25, 2010 at 12:19 pm | Permalink

    hi everyone. check out this post by kristia castrillo over at wiretap called “black, brown, and going green” … she talks about white privilege in the EJ movement and what it means to her as a WOC
    http://www.wiretapmag.org/environment/44030/
    “Guest Column: One environmental justice advocate contends that before communities of color go green, they must confront the trauma of white privilege.”

  4. Comrade Kevin
    Posted January 25, 2010 at 12:45 pm | Permalink

    I think at times we think privilege is something that requires a tremendous amount of coercive pressure to force people to understand, but sometimes the simple power of explanation or suggestion can open some eyes and some minds.

  5. erhino
    Posted January 25, 2010 at 1:14 pm | Permalink

    does anyone have recommendations on food politics/Environmental Justice books written by WOC?

  6. erhino
    Posted January 25, 2010 at 1:33 pm | Permalink

    does anyone have Environmental Justice/Food politics book recommendations written by WOC?

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